The permanent exhibition at our city-center location presents objects illustrating the history and culture of the Jews of Augsburg and Bavarian Swabia from the middle ages to the present day. After the expulsions of the late middle ages, the Jewish population lived in the countryside, in small towns and markets and in close proximity to its non-Jewish neighbors. This engendered a unique Bavarian-Swabian rural Jewish culture that survived into the 20th century.
In Augsburg itself, a new Jewish community was not founded until the 19th century. By the early 20th century, however, that community had developed into an important body of urban, liberal Jews. Under National Socialism, the Jews of Augsburg and Swabia were persecuted and murdered and their culture all but wiped out. The new beginnings in the postwar years were hard going.
Past and present
The permanent exhibition recounts the history of these Jewish communities and offers insights into the shifts in Jewish traditions over time and the great diversity of Jewish culture, past and present. Museum visitors are also invited to view the splendid Augsburg Synagogue, one of the only big-city synagogues in Germany not destroyed in the November Pogroms of 1938.